Local Redistricting in Loudoun County

Project Update: October 20, 2021

  • At its October 19, 2021, meeting, the Loudoun County Board of Supervisors requested that seven examples of local redistricting plans serve as preliminary “starting points” for the Board and the public to consider how the county’s current population can be balanced among election districts. 
  • The examples, prepared by county staff, are based on adjusted 2020 census data provided by the Virginia Division of Legislative Services, as well as on the Board’s adopted 2021 Redistricting Guidelines. The impact of future growth was also considered, especially in areas where the county forecasts substantial population growth from 2020 to 2030.
  • During November, the public will have an opportunity to view these examples and develop and submit their own plans for consideration. An online mapping tool, which will be available on the Redistricting Hub, will open to the public on November 1 for use in this process. The Board of Supervisors is expected to adopt the final plan in May 2022.
  • In developing these examples, county staff considered current precinct boundaries, towns, Census Designated Places (such as, but not limited to, Ashburn, Brambleton, Broadlands, Cascades, South Riding, Sterling and Stone Ridge), residential communities, historic village and community locations, and 2019 General Plan policy areas.
  • When possible, existing precincts were used as the basis for the examples approved by the Board at its October 19 meeting. Using existing precincts helps to ensure efficient election administration, as residents are already familiar with their precincts and a polling place is already established. In certain situations, splitting precincts may occur; these are typically situations in which the population of the existing precinct has grown significantly and where the proposed split supports balancing population and creating more uniform districts.
  • The local redistricting process determines which neighborhoods and communities are grouped together into a district for purposes of electing board members to the Loudoun County Board of Supervisors and School Board. By making sure districts have approximately the same number of people, redistricting can help to ensure residents have equal representation on the Board of Supervisors and School Board. It also affects for whom residents vote and where they vote, based on how the local electoral boundaries are drawn.
  • At its June 21, 2021, meeting, the Board of Supervisors voted to retain eight local election districts. Given the county’s 2020 population of 420,959, the ideal district size would be 52,641; since each district can be over or under the ideal size by five percent, the minimum district size will be 50,009 and the maximum number of residents in a district will be 55,273.
  • To submit general comments about the redistricting process, residents are encouraged to use this comment form.

Stay Informed

Related Documents

Contact Us

  1. Public Participation
  2. Process Guidelines
  3. Local Redistricting Hub

How can the public participate in this process?

Public involvement is an important part of the redistricting process. The county will provide an online portal through which individuals can view proposed scenarios for redistricting, and will communicate with the public throughout the local redistricting process

The public is encouraged to provide feedback to the process, particularly in identifying specific “communities of interest” within Loudoun County. These include neighborhoods or any geographically defined group of people living in an area who share similar social, cultural, and economic interests; for example, homeowners associations, school boundaries, or other issues that make a community unique. During redistricting, local governments are charged with keeping neighborhoods and communities of interest intact within a single supervisorial district.

Residents can use this online form to submit comments and feedback about the redistricting process or provide input about their communities.

Questions and Answers

What is redistricting?

  • Redistricting is the process of redrawing the boundaries of districts that elect representatives who serve specific geographic areas. This process occurs every 10 years following the United States decennial census. Loudoun County underwent its last local redistricting process in 2011, in which it maintained eight magisterial districts and a chair at-large.
  • By making sure districts have approximately the same number of people, redistricting can help to ensure residents have equal representation on the Board of Supervisors and School Board. It also affects for whom residents vote and where they vote, based on how the electoral boundaries are drawn.

What is happening with redistricting at the state level? Is that a different process?

  • The redistricting process that establishes the congressional and state legislative districts is a separate process from the local redistricting process. It is led by the Virginia Redistricting Commission, a constitutionally created body approved by the voters of Virginia in 2020.
  • The commission will draw Virginia’s congressional and state legislative districts in 2021. It will develop plans for districts for the Senate and House of Delegates of the General Assembly, and will submit those plans to the General Assembly for review and adoption. Based on the requirements set out in the Constitution of Virginia and the Code of Virginia, the General Assembly is expected to act on the maps provided by the Virginia Redistricting Commission in late October or early November 2021.
  • The exact time frame will be dependent on when census data is received by the Commonwealth. If the General Assembly does not adopt plans by the specific deadlines, the districts will be established by the Supreme Court of Virginia.

What is the time frame for local redistricting?

  • The Loudoun County Board of Supervisors has begun the process of planning for the 2021 Local Redistricting. 
  • The process itself begins after federal census data is released and the Virginia Congressional and General Assembly District Maps have been established. According to Virginia Code, local election precincts may not be split across congressional or state legislative districts. Therefore, once the General Assembly completes its redistricting process, the county will likely need to adjust its election precincts accordingly.
  • Now that census data has been released, county staff have begun to develop possible scenarios. These scenarios will be brought to the Board for consideration and will be available for the public to review and comment in the fall of 2021.
  • The final plan is slated to be presented to the Board of Supervisors in May 2022, and, after review by the Attorney General of Virginia, the map of updated boundaries is expected to be completed by August 2022.

Will this impact the size of Loudoun’s Board of Supervisors?

  • As a result of a 1990 referendum, Loudoun County’s governing body consists of a chair at-large and supervisors elected to represent single-member districts. Currently, the board has eight single-member districts plus a chair at-large, for a total of nine members.
  • At its June 21, 2021 meeting, the board voted to maintain its current nine-member composition.