Comprehensive Gang Model


The model program has five strategies to address the key concerns noted in the background section and are listed below:

  • Community Mobilization
    Involvement of local citizens, including former gang youth, community groups, agencies, and the coordination of programs and staff functions within and across agencies
  • Opportunities Provision
    The development of a variety of specific education, training, and employment programs targeted at gang involved and youth at-risk for becoming involved in gangs
  • Organizational Change & Development
    Development and implementation of policies and procedures that result in the most effective use of available and potential resources within and across agencies to address the gang problem
  • Social Interaction
    Youth-serving agencies, schools, grass-roots groups, faith-based organizations, police, and other criminal justice organizations "reaching out" and acting as links among youth, their families, the conventional world, and needed services
  • Suppression
    Formal and informal social control procedures, including close supervision or monitoring of gang youth and at-risk youth by agencies in the criminal justice system and also by community based agencies, schools, and grass-roots groups

Impact on Gangs

These strategies were found to have a positive impact on gangs in localities with identified gang problems.

Summary of the Comprehensive Gang Model

In summary, the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) Comprehensive Gang Model is a multi-faceted, multi-layer approach that includes eight important elements:

  • A direct contact intervention team that includes police, probation, outreach staff, and others
  • A mixture of the five key strategies: community mobilization, social intervention, opportunities provision, suppression, and organizational change / development
  • A plan for coordinating efforts of, and sharing appropriate information among, those who work with the youth on a daily basis, the Steering Committee (GRIT), and the persons within the partner organizations
  • A Steering Committee, GRIT, to oversee and guide the project
  • Community capacity building to sustain the project and address issues that are long term in nature
  • Initial and continuous assessment using qualitative and quantitative data
  • Ongoing data collection and analysis to improve the process and evaluate the impact of the project
  • Targeting of the area and those populations of individuals most closely associated with the problem, as described in the assessment