The federal Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) has developed a comprehensive gang intervention and prevention program model in conjunction with the National Youth Gang Center. This model has been implemented in urban, suburban, and rural community settings.
The model contends that the lack of social opportunities available to at-risk youth less than 22 years of age and the degree of social disorganization present in a community largely accounts for a community's gang problem. The model also suggests other contributing factors, including poverty, institutional racism, social problems, and a lack of social controls.
Drawing principally on social disorganization theory to frame the development of the model, a team from the University of Chicago designed the core strategies of the model to address gang youth, their families, and the community.